Friday, December 28, 2007

Fagus Beech and the Trained Bonsai

How to train Fagus Beech

Fagus Beech is a beautiful trained bonsai if directed properly. The Beech comes from the family of Fagaceae. The plants are born in native temperate regions. The leaves are of the deciduous group. The tree itself has a lifespan that can last up to 500 years if taking care of properly. The sturdy tree grows smooth, ash barks, which is elongated. The sprouts are pointed and during the spring, the leaves are light green. In the summer, the leaves change to darker tones. During fall, the leaves are shades of russet.

Marscents remain on the tree sometimes during the colder months. The older trees will grow edible nuts, or masts of beech. The nuts are enclosed within the spiny casings. The group of Fagus Beech specimens are ideal for growing and training bonsai. The specimens include Fagus Sylvatica pendula, which is the weeping beech. The branches extend downward. Fagus Sylvatica purpurea is the purple beech specie. The foliage is reddish-russet. The garden specie when grown outdoors will stand erect in drier climates.

Fagus sieboldii is a native plant, or Japanese plant, which the tree trunk is longer than other species. The foliage is small, and the trunk is whiter than other beech specimens.

Fagus Sylvatica is the common specimens in the beech family. The tree has elongated leaves with serrated edges and strikingly noticeable veins.

Tip: Beech wood is used to make furniture.

You can propagate and germinate the plants from seedlings. To start growth you will need fall seeds. Sow the seeds after fall. The seeds will sprout in a short time, and stratify the seeds in dry sand. In spring, sow your seeds. You should sow the seeds in soil (Peat, course sand mixtures avoiding compost is devoid of acid) at around 1-inch deep. You can start propagation in boxes, yet you want avoid firm soils and provide room for air circulation.

Beech trees need direct sunbeams, yet require semi-shaded regions in the summer. If you live around the Mediterranean regions, shade is essential.

How to ventilate:
Young and re-potted species should be protected from strong winds. As the plant matures, natural ventilation is fine. The proper temperature desired by the plants is based on the plant and the region you live.

Few beech species require feeding, water, sprays, pots, wiring, pruning, etc to survive. It depends on the shape you hope to accomplish when growing as bonsai. Most beech species are sculpted rather than wired to shape bonsai. Still, you can use wire if you want a fixed-bonsai.

Before you wire your plant however, use fiber of palm trees to create supple straw-colored ribbons, which you can obtain from leaves of the raffia palm. Wrap the wire with your raffia and then wire your plant cautiously. You want to cut the wires with cutters, yet avoid cutting any region of the tree.

One of the attractive beech trees is the Siebold Beech. The Fagus sieboldii lives a long time and grows up to 2-feet, 2-inches when trained as the bonsai. I needed to mention this species, since after studying its features I see a potential majestic bonsai in the making.

Beech species need to feel safe from disease and pests. The common pests that nest in Beech species is the beech-leaf miner, gall midge, felt beech coccus and/or the scale. Gall midges also group around the Beech species, as well as the bark beetles.

To protect your species keep the plants moist. Spray the trees in spring and the last days of summer.

How to pot:
Beech will not grow effectively in flat pots. Nor will the plant tolerate décor containers. If you have an older beech, species pot in a container about 3-inches deep. If the plant is smaller, pot it in a 1 ½ inch deep container.

How to prune:
Prune the leaves, roots, and branches simultaneously as you re-pot the plants. Pinch back the new shoots during the spring. Prune the branches lightly. You can use spoiled main branches as bonsai saws to start the prune development project.


Thursday, December 27, 2007

Enkianthus and How to Train Bonsai

Enkianthus is the family to Ericaceae. The plant grows in the Himalayas, Asia, and in native regions. Enkianthus includes the group of Enkianthus campanulatus. In Japan, these trees grow up to 33-feet tall and in France; the plants only grow around 10-feet tall. The tree stands erect and develops beautiful red branches. The leaves are attractively developed in serrated, acute. The geometric shapes or patterns form eclipses. The crown of Enk is green while the undersides are reddish.

Enk has a relative named Enkianthus perrulatus. The kin grows in Japan, native regions, etc. The plants grow around 6 ½ -feet tall. The eclipsed features have acute leaves shaped like eggs. The undersides of the leaves develop elongated veins. The leaves are brilliantly shaded green and in April and May, the specie sends out the troop. The troop includes umbrella-like hanging white flowers. What a beautiful sight!

Now that you have a brief history of the Enk family, you may want to gather seeds, cuttings, etc, to start training your bonsai.

How to seed:
The seedlings should be sown in greenhouse environments. This is not one of the beginner-friendly species. You want to mix peat, heath mould and lightly cover the seeds. Use sieved or meshed soil and place the seeds in a dark, moist environment. After a few weeks, the seeds will start germination, which you want to move the buds to a lighted area. Get your pot together and immediately plant. Make sure the pot has a good drainage environment. Soft shoots grow best in shaded areas. Air and light is needed when the shoots begin to harden.

How to care for your Enkianthus:
In the summertime place, the plants in semi-shaded areas and the remaining year provide adequate light. The plants should be shielded from frost. Strong winds should be avoided.

How to pot:
Use an unglazed, medium deep pot to transplant your Enks.

How to clean:
In the fall, remove all leaves that have not fallen.

How to re-pot:
The shrubs grow slowly. In the early days of spring each year and after your have pruned 1/3 of the roots, re-pot.

How to prune:
Sub-branches should be pruned in summer near the end. Use clippers once the withered flower heads appear, as well as the new shoots begin to harden. Branches should be pruned in September. The elongated branches should be clipped back to a shorter length.

How to wire:
In the spring and fall, you want to wire loosely your plant and prepare bonsai shaping.

Enks prefer cool soil, rich humus, leaf mould, etc. Mix ½ of leaf mould, course sand, and loam for the best growth.

How to water:
Once the leaves develop, water generously. After fall, you can reduce the water intake.

How to feed:
Spring and fall is the best time to feed your plants. Enks enjoy liquidities fertilizers with slow-moving macrobiotic affects.

How to spray:
The trees should be sprayed before the flowers start to develop.

Enkianthus is subject to damage and disease. Pests, such as aphids, scale insects, etc, will attack the plant, yet if you provide sufficient care; you can reduce damage, or decomposing. Enks are subject to chlorosis, which is a disease. Use iron, nitrogen, zinc, and magnesium, applying it to the soil to prevent disease.

How to detect Chlorosis:
If your plant has yellow leaves near the lamina, veins, etc, and the new leaves start to show discoloration, you should treat your tree. Sooty mould will also attack the Enk family. Sooty is recognized for its black scabs that appear on the stems and leaves. Deposits of sticky stuff is another indication that your plant has encountered sooty mould. To treat, clean the leaves. Use a sponge and soak it in spirit and water. Use insecticides to eliminate the pests.


Wednesday, December 26, 2007

Detailing Taxus Yew and Bonsai

How to continue care of the Taxus Yew

Bonsai plants are grown from seeds, cuttings, or purchased in nurseries. The seeds or cuttings include the Taxus Yew, which is the family of Taxaceae. The plants require care, such as proper lighting, temperature, ventilation, pots, cleaning, growth, re-potting, soil, and pruning. The basics can help you produce quality bonsai plants. Still, you must consider wiring, water, sprays, pests, feeding, and diseases to maintain a healthy bonsai.

To get started let’s learn how to care for your bonsai:
Sunlight is essential to plants, since it promotes the photosynthesis stage, as well as overall growth. The Taxus Yew requires adequate sunlight yet it can stomach shade. If the plant is situated in semi-shaded environments in heated climates, the plant can grow well. The Taxus family, unlike other bonsais’ can also stand frosts. The mountain plant is bested suited in its habitat however.

Taxus family can withstand winy environments, especially the hedged plants. You will need a deep pot to start the growth of the Taxus Yew and re-pot the plant as it starts to age. The aged Yew desires profundity balanced with the width of the trunk. You should re-pot the Yew three to four years, transplanting the tree into a larger pot. When you re-pot the Yew, cut any damage from the roots, including dead roots.

How to clean:
In the fall, you will need to remove the dead needles. Throughout growth, you will need to remove any debris or dying parts from all areas of the tree.

How to soil:
Calcareous soil and chalky soil is the suited earth for growing Yew. Calcareous soil contains elements of calcium carbonates. You will need one-third leaf mould, one-third course sand, and 1/3 soil, or loam.

How to prune:
Pruning requires pressing back the shoots, especially at its adolescent stage. The shoots should be pinched back during spring and fall, which you should pinch the shoots back at the side branches. You can wait until the tree develops flowers before pinching back the shoots, especially if you want to grow fruit. If the tree is the female specie, you will need male pollen to grow fruits.

Pruning the Yew in spring and fall is ideal for training bonsai. Prune the side branches that stick out, and cut the top clumps, or tuft of the needles.

How to wire:
Do not wire the Taxus Yew at what time the tree is growing new shoots. If you want to shape the Taxus Yew as the bonsai, wire the tree for shaping in September and March.

How to water:
Water the Taxus Yew moderately and habitually without adding too much water, or too little water.

How to feed:
Feeding the plants at slow growth stage will help your Taxus Yew grow healthy. Spring and fall is the best time to start feeding your plant, which you want to increase feeding at the last month in the fall. DO not feed the Taxus Yew during the months of July and August. DO not feed the plants in poor conditions, or if you have recently re-potted the bonsai.

How to spray:
In hot climates, you will need to spray the Taxus Yew. If the tree is standing in areas where no shade is available, DO NOT sprays the tree. The common pests that bug the Taxus Yew are the galls, weevils, tortrix, and the scale insects. The common disease that affects the Taxus family is found at the stem and roots, which include decomposing. The Tortrix, in case you are wondering is a type of caterpillar.


Tuesday, December 25, 2007

Defining Lavender Bonsai

How to care for lavenders

French and Spanish lavenders are common herbs grown to train bonsai trees. The sweet marjoram is another of the herbs grown to train bonsai. Each plant is the member of the tender perennial group, which the plants will live for a long time if cared for properly. French lavender grows woody shrubs and requires brilliant light and warm environments to survive. The plants can survive in lower temperatures if grown outdoors, yet the warm environment is recommended. The south window is the recommended spot for growing French lavender bonsai indoors. You can also rest the plants at the west or east, yet south is best. In fact, most bonsai plants require the south, west, or east corners to grow healthy.

Lavandula dentata or French lavender is grown as bonsai trees. The beautiful plant includes leaves with indents. The trees grow woody shrubs; therefore, you can grow the bonsai as a cascade, or grow the bonsai upright. The French lavenders can live a long time. The plant grows elongated stems and arched flowers, which are light purple. French lavender requires brilliant lights to survive. If the lights are lowered, the plant becomes weak. The French lavender will develop pale green leaves, especially when the plants do not receive sufficient lighting. You will need to wire the plant so that it does not hang down also. When the plant starts to cascade and the stems become woody and hard remove the wires.

How to upkeep French lavender
To maintain French lavenders you will need brilliant light from the sun, added water, etc. The soil should be richer than that used in common lavender bonsai. The seeds often sprout slowly and continue slow growth. The recommended light, water, and soil may increase growth. You will need to continually cutting to propagate the tree. Insecticides may be used if you see a need; however, French lavender bonsai has physical powerful scented oil that intimidates loose species.

About Sweet Marjoram
Origanum majorana or Sweet marjoram when maturing will grow craggy, harsh wood. Sweet bonsai is one of the fragile species, which is a member of the perennial. When the tree starts, growth it shoots up 1-foot greens that often flowers after it becomes woody. During maturity, you are required to trim the shoots regularly to maintain the bonsai. You should remove the shoots, unless you intend to grow the species in another format.

How to care for Sweet marjoram:
Sweet marjoram requires bright light during winter months. The plant can survive cooler weather, yet brilliant light will prevent weakness. The seeds of the Sweet marjoram often geminate quickly, which you should trim the branches often to promote rooting. The plant is one of the easier species to propagate. Sweet marjoram has a sweet to the smell aroma. The tree often grows up to 8-inches, or sometimes 6-inches, yet it resembles the oldest bonsai species when matured.

Lavandula stoechas or Spanish lavender bonsai grows silvery green leaves, which are smaller than other bonsai plants. The plant can tolerate dryness, whereas the French lavender cannot. If you plan to grow the Spanish lavender indoors, prepare to research. This particular species is not friendly to indoor growing. The species can still make a good bonsai, since it ages like wine.

Bonsai trees are creative miniature garden growths, which form trees and shrubs while requiring meticulous pruning of the branches and root. If you grow bonsai, it is wise to research the market to learn more about caring for the plants. Bonsai require training, care, particulars, etc to continue growing healthy.


Monday, December 24, 2007

Caring for Bonsai Geraniums

How to care for geraniums

While I am not going too much in depth on the subject Geraniums I will touch basis to help you decide if the plants are for you, and if you are ready to maintain bonsai geraniums. Pelargonium is aromatic geraniums, which signify large varieties of the cultivars and clusters that are easier to grow in windows and are simple to coach, or train as the bonsai. The problem is the geraniums have several hundred species to select from, as well as the cultivars. You may want to visit stores that sell Geraniums so that you can get an idea of what the plants look like when grown as bonsai.

The species include Pelargonium nervosum, which is the lime. Lemon is the Pelargonium Crispum, while ginger is Pelargonium torento. The list continues to nutmeg (Pelargonium Fragrans, rose (Pelargonium Graveolens) strawberry (Pelargonium scabrum), gooseberry (Pelargonium grossular-ioiders), peppermint (Pelargonium tomentosum), fern-leaf (Pelargonium filicifolium) and so on. You will find a variety of geraniums, yet the small leaved plants are best suited for growing bonsai.

You can grow the large leaved plants, training them into bonsai also. The peppermint is one of the large leaved species, which overlaps the pot and hangs down about 3-feet. The lemon Geraniums grow yellowish to green leaves, which makes up the Prince Rupert group. The trees or Prince will grow brilliant toned foliages, such as yellow with patches of different color. The lemon bonsai has a lemony scent of course. Some of the trees are yellow or green and may grow oval citrus fruits, which has thick aromatic rinds and soured juice flesh. Some of the trees have gloss leaves shaped like almond and spiky branches, which bear lemons. The bonsai may not grow lemons, yet it is often used as flavoring.

Geraniums are easy to train, yet you will need to provide plenty of water and brilliant lighting to keep the plants healthy. The plants are ideal for training as bonsai, yet you will need to trim the plants as needed to maintain shape. You can also re-grow the bonsai after trimming. The results will show in just a few weeks if you trim the plant properly. Refer to your manual and follow the instructions. You can use heavy fertilizer to slow aged yellowing leaves. You can use the leaves from the bonsai plant once you have removed them as recommended to prepare potpourri.

Geraniums require root boundaries to grow flowers; therefore do not remove the plants from the pot frequently. You can remove them periodically however.

How to start growing Geraniums:
Most Geraniums grow from cuttings. You may find a few species that allow growth from seeds however. The Geraniums propagate quicker when grown from cutting, which will also make them easiest to maintain.

Geraniums are grown as bonsai plants. The plants often grow bright colored flowers. The flowers are popular grown as garden plants, which some have large and small rounded leaves. The Germaniums grow pink, white, bright red flowers, etc, which the flowers sometimes have tall stalks. Few plants are shaped like saucers, or the flowers are, which the leaves divide. Robert and Cranesbills is a type of Germanium. Few Germaniums have bright red colors, which tinges of orange, and are similar to the scarlet Geraniums.

Now that you have an ideal what is involved with growing Geraniums, you may want to learn more about training herbal bonsai. The plants often come with instructions, providing you purchase them in nurseries, supermarkets, etc. Otherwise, you may need additional research and information to help you keep your plants growing healthy.


Sunday, December 23, 2007

Buying Bonsai

How to choose bonsai trees

Bonsai has a group of Latin names, which can help you choose how to buy the trees. For instance, if you want the whitish, pale plants you would search the group of Albescens. Albidus or albus has white growth as well. The Albiflurus group has white flowers that grow from its branches. If you want plants that adapt in land or water, you would choose the amphibious group of bonsai.

Additional groups of bonsai include angulosus, angusti-folius, arborescens, and so on. The group of Glaucus has a frosty bloom, similar to grapes. Pinous is the pine-like group of bonsai.

In short, the best way to choose bonsai for purchase is to view magazines, nurseries, or online services that provide you visuals of what you are purchasing. When you view the plants however, pay thoughtful attention to the size. For instance, if you purchase a dollar seed plant, you will not grow a tree the size you may desire. If you choose a 3.7-liter container to grow bonsai however, you can easily shape the plant to suit your needs. The Larix leptolepsis or Larix Kaempferi is one of the smaller bonsai, yet in seven years, the tree could grow up to 18 inches. The suitable try recommended for this plant is the humidity, drip trays at 10 inches by 8 inches. The cones on this tree are purple, while the foliage is brilliantly shaded in lime green. The shades change to darker greens during summer months, and in autumn, the shades turn bronze and/or yellow. The Larix Leptolepsis blooms cherries.

Starters should consider seeds, rather than the tree itself. The seeds are ideal to assist you in getting what you want. The ideal bonsai for starters is the group of Mame. Few of the Mame trees grow up to 6 inches. The minute size trees grow up to 3 inches, i.e. the infant Mame’s.

You want to avoid the Kingsville, Buxus Microphylla, boxwoods, Juniperus chinensis, Robusta green, Chinese Juniper, etc. The bonsais’ are ideal for expert bonsai growers.

How to choose liners:
Liners include the Acer Ginella. Like the Chinese elms, the tree has hedge maples. Ulmus parvifolia or the Wild Plum is other liners. Check the line of Prunus. The Chinese elms are similar to the Ulmus parvifolia, in that the actual trees grow large, and have serrated leaves. In addition, wing-like fruits grow from the tree.

Additional groups of bonsai include Virens, Viridis, Vulgaris, Xanthinus, Zonalis, and so on. One of the trees that stand erect is the group of Strictus, which these trees need careful attention to grow. The suppliers of the Strictus bonsai emerge from the Bamboo seeds. The branches include Bambus—Nutans, Tuldoides, Tuminoda, Chinomobambusa, and so on. The branches move onto Dendrocalamus Strictus, and extend to Dendrocalamus Membraceus.

How to choose imported bonsai:
If you are, importing bonsai make sure that you ask for photos and examine the tree carefully. The supplier should have no problem supplying you photos, unless the tree is not worth the price offered. If you garden will allow room for the old ivy bonsai, you may find this plant interesting.

Old ivy is a legendary folklore that associates with Bacchus. According to old folklores, the tree can heal whooping cough. If you choose the old ivy however, make sure that you provide the tree Simi-shaded area. Old ivy includes the Rhombea and the Helix. The Rhombea is delicate, whereas the Helix can stand indoor temperatures at all levels. Watering the plants require that you provide moderate treatments during winter, and often when the plant is growing.