Thursday, December 27, 2007

Enkianthus and How to Train Bonsai

Enkianthus is the family to Ericaceae. The plant grows in the Himalayas, Asia, and in native regions. Enkianthus includes the group of Enkianthus campanulatus. In Japan, these trees grow up to 33-feet tall and in France; the plants only grow around 10-feet tall. The tree stands erect and develops beautiful red branches. The leaves are attractively developed in serrated, acute. The geometric shapes or patterns form eclipses. The crown of Enk is green while the undersides are reddish.

Enk has a relative named Enkianthus perrulatus. The kin grows in Japan, native regions, etc. The plants grow around 6 ½ -feet tall. The eclipsed features have acute leaves shaped like eggs. The undersides of the leaves develop elongated veins. The leaves are brilliantly shaded green and in April and May, the specie sends out the troop. The troop includes umbrella-like hanging white flowers. What a beautiful sight!

Now that you have a brief history of the Enk family, you may want to gather seeds, cuttings, etc, to start training your bonsai.

How to seed:
The seedlings should be sown in greenhouse environments. This is not one of the beginner-friendly species. You want to mix peat, heath mould and lightly cover the seeds. Use sieved or meshed soil and place the seeds in a dark, moist environment. After a few weeks, the seeds will start germination, which you want to move the buds to a lighted area. Get your pot together and immediately plant. Make sure the pot has a good drainage environment. Soft shoots grow best in shaded areas. Air and light is needed when the shoots begin to harden.

How to care for your Enkianthus:
In the summertime place, the plants in semi-shaded areas and the remaining year provide adequate light. The plants should be shielded from frost. Strong winds should be avoided.

How to pot:
Use an unglazed, medium deep pot to transplant your Enks.

How to clean:
In the fall, remove all leaves that have not fallen.

How to re-pot:
The shrubs grow slowly. In the early days of spring each year and after your have pruned 1/3 of the roots, re-pot.

How to prune:
Sub-branches should be pruned in summer near the end. Use clippers once the withered flower heads appear, as well as the new shoots begin to harden. Branches should be pruned in September. The elongated branches should be clipped back to a shorter length.

How to wire:
In the spring and fall, you want to wire loosely your plant and prepare bonsai shaping.

Soil:
Enks prefer cool soil, rich humus, leaf mould, etc. Mix ½ of leaf mould, course sand, and loam for the best growth.

How to water:
Once the leaves develop, water generously. After fall, you can reduce the water intake.

How to feed:
Spring and fall is the best time to feed your plants. Enks enjoy liquidities fertilizers with slow-moving macrobiotic affects.

How to spray:
The trees should be sprayed before the flowers start to develop.

Enkianthus is subject to damage and disease. Pests, such as aphids, scale insects, etc, will attack the plant, yet if you provide sufficient care; you can reduce damage, or decomposing. Enks are subject to chlorosis, which is a disease. Use iron, nitrogen, zinc, and magnesium, applying it to the soil to prevent disease.

How to detect Chlorosis:
If your plant has yellow leaves near the lamina, veins, etc, and the new leaves start to show discoloration, you should treat your tree. Sooty mould will also attack the Enk family. Sooty is recognized for its black scabs that appear on the stems and leaves. Deposits of sticky stuff is another indication that your plant has encountered sooty mould. To treat, clean the leaves. Use a sponge and soak it in spirit and water. Use insecticides to eliminate the pests.

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